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IPFS is a global, versioned, peer-to-peer filesystem. It combines good ideas from previous systems such Git, BitTorrent, Kademlia, SFS, and the Web. It is like a single bittorrent swarm, exchanging git objects. IPFS provides an interface as simple as the HTTP web, but with permanence built in. You can also mount the world at /ipfs.
For more info see: https://docs.ipfs.io/introduction/overview/
Before opening an issue, consider using one of the following locations to ensure you are opening your thread in the right place:
The IPFS protocol and its implementations are still in heavy development. This means that there may be problems in our protocols, or there may be mistakes in our implementations. And -- though IPFS is not production-ready yet -- many people are already running nodes in their machines. So we take security vulnerabilities very seriously. If you discover a security issue, please bring it to our attention right away!
If you find a vulnerability that may affect live deployments -- for example, by exposing a remote execution exploit -- please send your report privately to email@example.com. Please DO NOT file a public issue.
If the issue is a protocol weakness that cannot be immediately exploited or something not yet deployed, just discuss it openly.
The canonical download instructions for IPFS are over at: https://docs.ipfs.io/guides/guides/install/. It is highly recommended you follow those instructions if you are not interested in working on IPFS development.
IPFS can run on most Linux, macOS, and Windows systems. We recommend running it on a machine with at least 2 GB of RAM and 2 CPU cores (go-ipfs is highly parallel). On systems with less memory, it may not be completely stable.
If your system is resource constrained, we recommend:
make build GOTAGS=openssl. See the download and compile section for more information on compiling go-ipfs.
ipfs init --profile=lowpower
We host prebuilt binaries over at our distributions page.
ipfsto your path (
install.shcan do it for you).
You can also download go-ipfs from this project's GitHub releases page if you are unable to access ipfs.io.
In Arch Linux go-ipfs is available as go-ipfs package.
$ sudo pacman -S go-ipfs
Development version of go-ipfs is also on AUR under go-ipfs-git. You can install it using your favourite AUR Helper or manually from AUR.
For Linux and MacOSX you can use the purely functional package manager Nix:
$ nix-env -i ipfs
You can also install the Package by using it's attribute name, which is also
GNU's functional package manager, Guix, also provides a go-ipfs package:
$ guix package -i go-ipfs
In solus, go-ipfs is available in the main repository as go-ipfs.
$ sudo eopkg install go-ipfs
You can also install it trough the Solus software center.
With snap, in any of the supported Linux distributions:
$ sudo snap install ipfs
The package ipfs currently points to go-ipfs and is being maintained.
PS> choco install ipfs
go-ipfs in its 'extras' bucket.
PS> scoop bucket add extras PS> scoop install go-ipfs
go-ipfs's build system requires Go 1.13 and some standard POSIX build tools:
To build without GCC, build with
make build CGO_ENABLED=0).
The build process for ipfs requires Go 1.12 or higher. If you don't have it: Download Go 1.12+.
You'll need to add Go's bin directories to your
$PATH environment variable e.g., by adding these lines to your
/etc/profile (for a system-wide installation) or
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin export PATH=$PATH:$GOPATH/bin
(If you run into trouble, see the Go install instructions).
$ git clone https://github.com/ipfs/go-ipfs.git $ cd go-ipfs $ make install
Alternatively, you can run
make build to build the go-ipfs binary (storing it in
cmd/ipfs/ipfs) without installing it.
NOTE: If you get an error along the lines of "fatal error: stdlib.h: No such file or directory", you're missing a C compiler. Either re-run
CGO_ENABLED=0 or install GCC.
Compiling for a different platform is as simple as running:
make build GOOS=myTargetOS GOARCH=myTargetArchitecture
To build go-ipfs with OpenSSL support, append
GOTAGS=openssl to your
make invocation. Building with OpenSSL should significantly reduce the background CPU usage on nodes that frequently make or receive new connections.
Note: OpenSSL requires CGO support and, by default, CGO is disabled when cross compiling. To cross compile with OpenSSL support, you must:
gitis required in order for
go getto fetch all dependencies.
golangpackages. Ensure that
go versionreports at least 1.10. See above for how to install go.
misc/completion/ipfs-completion.bash. Read docs/command-completion.md to learn how to install it.
IPFS has an updating tool that can be accessed through
ipfs update. The tool is
not installed alongside IPFS in order to keep that logic independent of the main
codebase. To install
ipfs update, download it here.
List the available versions of go-ipfs:
$ ipfs cat /ipns/dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/versions
Then, to view available builds for a version from the previous command ($VERSION):
$ ipfs ls /ipns/dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/$VERSION
To download a given build of a version:
$ ipfs get /ipns/dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/$VERSION/go-ipfs_$VERSION_darwin-386.tar.gz # darwin 32-bit build $ ipfs get /ipns/dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/$VERSION/go-ipfs_$VERSION_darwin-amd64.tar.gz # darwin 64-bit build $ ipfs get /ipns/dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/$VERSION/go-ipfs_$VERSION_freebsd-amd64.tar.gz # freebsd 64-bit build $ ipfs get /ipns/dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/$VERSION/go-ipfs_$VERSION_linux-386.tar.gz # linux 32-bit build $ ipfs get /ipns/dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/$VERSION/go-ipfs_$VERSION_linux-amd64.tar.gz # linux 64-bit build $ ipfs get /ipns/dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/$VERSION/go-ipfs_$VERSION_linux-arm.tar.gz # linux arm build $ ipfs get /ipns/dist.ipfs.io/go-ipfs/$VERSION/go-ipfs_$VERSION_windows-amd64.zip # windows 64-bit build
See also: https://docs.ipfs.io/introduction/usage/
To start using IPFS, you must first initialize IPFS's config files on your
system, this is done with
ipfs init. See
ipfs init --help for information on
the optional arguments it takes. After initialization is complete, you can use
ipfs add and any of the other commands to explore!
Basic proof of 'ipfs working' locally:
echo "hello world" > hello ipfs add hello # This should output a hash string that looks something like: # QmT78zSuBmuS4z925WZfrqQ1qHaJ56DQaTfyMUF7F8ff5o ipfs cat <that hash>
ipfs - Global p2p merkle-dag filesystem. ipfs [<flags>] <command> [<arg>] ... SUBCOMMANDS BASIC COMMANDS init Initialize ipfs local configuration add <path> Add a file to ipfs cat <ref> Show ipfs object data get <ref> Download ipfs objects ls <ref> List links from an object refs <ref> List hashes of links from an object DATA STRUCTURE COMMANDS block Interact with raw blocks in the datastore object Interact with raw dag nodes files Interact with objects as if they were a unix filesystem ADVANCED COMMANDS daemon Start a long-running daemon process mount Mount an ipfs read-only mountpoint resolve Resolve any type of name name Publish or resolve IPNS names dns Resolve DNS links pin Pin objects to local storage repo Manipulate an IPFS repository NETWORK COMMANDS id Show info about ipfs peers bootstrap Add or remove bootstrap peers swarm Manage connections to the p2p network dht Query the DHT for values or peers ping Measure the latency of a connection diag Print diagnostics TOOL COMMANDS config Manage configuration version Show ipfs version information update Download and apply go-ipfs updates commands List all available commands Use 'ipfs <command> --help' to learn more about each command. ipfs uses a repository in the local file system. By default, the repo is located at ~/.ipfs. To change the repo location, set the $IPFS_PATH environment variable: export IPFS_PATH=/path/to/ipfsrepo
An IPFS docker image is hosted at hub.docker.com/r/ipfs/go-ipfs.
To make files visible inside the container you need to mount a host directory
-v option to docker. Choose a directory that you want to use to
import/export files from IPFS. You should also choose a directory to store
IPFS files that will persist when you restart the container.
export ipfs_staging=</absolute/path/to/somewhere/> export ipfs_data=</absolute/path/to/somewhere_else/>
Start a container running ipfs and expose ports 4001, 5001 and 8080:
docker run -d --name ipfs_host -v $ipfs_staging:/export -v $ipfs_data:/data/ipfs -p 4001:4001 -p 127.0.0.1:8080:8080 -p 127.0.0.1:5001:5001 ipfs/go-ipfs:latest
Watch the ipfs log:
docker logs -f ipfs_host
Wait for ipfs to start. ipfs is running when you see:
Gateway (readonly) server listening on /ip4/0.0.0.0/tcp/8080
You can now stop watching the log.
Run ipfs commands:
docker exec ipfs_host ipfs <args...>
For example: connect to peers
docker exec ipfs_host ipfs swarm peers
cp -r <something> $ipfs_staging docker exec ipfs_host ipfs add -r /export/<something>
Stop the running container:
docker stop ipfs_host
When starting a container running ipfs for the first time with an empty data directory, it will call
ipfs init to initialize configuration files and generate a new keypair. At this time, you can choose which profile to apply using the
IPFS_PROFILE environment variable:
docker run -d --name ipfs_host -e IPFS_PROFILE=server -v $ipfs_staging:/export -v $ipfs_data:/data/ipfs -p 4001:4001 -p 127.0.0.1:8080:8080 -p 127.0.0.1:5001:5001 ipfs/go-ipfs:latest
It is possible to initialize the container with a swarm key file (
/data/ipfs/swarm.key) using the variables
swarm.key with the contents of the variable itself, whilst
IPFS_SWARM_KEY_FILE copies the key from a path stored in the variable. The
IPFS_SWARM_KEY_FILE overwrites the key generated by
docker run -d --name ipfs_host -e IPFS_SWARM_KEY=<your swarm key> -v $ipfs_staging:/export -v $ipfs_data:/data/ipfs -p 4001:4001 -p 127.0.0.1:8080:8080 -p 127.0.0.1:5001:5001 ipfs/go-ipfs:latest
The swarm key initialization can also be done using docker secrets (requires docker swarm or docker-compose):
cat your_swarm.key | docker secret create swarm_key_secret - docker run -d --name ipfs_host --secret swarm_key_secret -e IPFS_SWARM_KEY_FILE=/run/secrets/swarm_key_secret -v $ipfs_staging:/export -v $ipfs_data:/data/ipfs -p 4001:4001 -p 127.0.0.1:8080:8080 -p 127.0.0.1:5001:5001 ipfs/go-ipfs:latest
If you have previously installed IPFS before and you are running into problems getting a newer version to work, try deleting (or backing up somewhere else) your IPFS config directory (~/.ipfs by default) and rerunning
ipfs init. This will reinitialize the config file to its defaults and clear out the local datastore of any bad entries.
Please direct general questions and help requests to our forum or our IRC channel (freenode #ipfs).
If you believe you've found a bug, check the issues list and, if you don't see your problem there, either come talk to us on IRC (freenode #ipfs) or file an issue of your own!
This table is generated using the module
Listing of the main packages used in the IPFS ecosystem. There are also three specifications worth linking here:
|p2p networking library|
|pubsub built on libp2p|
|the core 'filesystem' logic|
|a mutable filesystem editor for unixfs|
|helper datatypes for the filestore|
|exchange service interface|
|(dummy) offline implementation of the exchange service|
|bitswap protocol implementation|
|service that plugs a blockstore and an exchange together|
|datastore interfaces, adapters, and basic implementations|
|datastore utility functions|
|a filesystem-based datastore|
|a metric-collecting database adapter|
|a leveldb based datastore|