Resource for Concourse CI to integrate SonarQube analysis results.
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Readme

SonarQube Resource for Concourse CI

Performs SonarQube analyses and tracks the state of SonarQube quality gates.

This resource works with SonarCloud and self-hosted instances of SonarQube.

If you want to implement a real quality gate in your build pipeline, you might want to also use the concourse-sonarqube-qualitygate-task which can be used to break a build if certain quality goals (as reported by SonarQube) are not reached.

Requirements

  • A running SonarQube instance (this resource was tested on v6.5–v7.1, but it should work with every version of SonarQube ≥ v5.3)
  • The base URL of your SonarQube server has to be configured correctly! Otherwise the resource will be unable to fetch analysis results when invoking it's in action. (sonar.core.serverBaseURL in conf/sonar.properties)

Installation

Add a new resource type to your Concourse CI pipeline:

 resource_types:
 - name: sonar-runner
  type: docker-image
  source:
    repository: cathive/concourse-sonarqube-resource
    tag: latest # For reproducible builds use a specific tag and don't rely on "latest".

Source Configuration

  • host_url: Required. The address of the SonarQube instance, e.g. "https://sonarcloud.io/" (when using SonarCloud). Must end with a slash.

  • organization: The organization to be used when submitting stuff to a sonarqube instance. This field is required when using SonarCloud to perform the analysis of your code.

  • login: The login or authentication token of a SonarQube user with Execute Analysis permission. Can be left out if SonarQube instance does not require any authentication.

  • password: The password that goes with the sonar.login username. This should be left blank if an authentication token is being used.

  • maven_settings: Maven settings to be used when performing SonarQube analysis. Only used if the scanner_type during the out phase has been set to / determined to use Maven.

  • __debug: This flag is used to debug any problems that might occur when using the resource itself. It enables extra debug output on the console and sets the -x flag during shell execution. It is usually not a good idea to set this flag to true in a production environment, because it might leak passwords and access key credentials to the console where it might be accessed by unauthorized / anonymous users.

Behavior

The resource implements all three actions (check, in and out). The analysis is triggered by the out action and check/in will be used to wait for the result of the analysis and pull in the project status. Tasks can use this information to break the build (if desired) if any of the criteria of the quality gate associated with a project are not met.

out: Trigger SonarQube analysis

Parameters

  • project_path: Required Path to the resource that shall be analyzed. If the path contains a file called "sonar-project.properties" it will be picked up during analysis.

  • scanner_type: Type of scanner to be used. Possible values are:

    • auto (default) Uses the maven-Scanner if a pom.xml is found in the directory specified by sources, cli otherwise.
    • cli Forces usage of the command line scanner, even if a Maven project object model (pom.xml) is found in the sources directory.
    • maven Forces usage of the Maven plugin to perform the scan.
  • project_key: Project key (default value is read from sonar-project.properties)

  • project_key_file: File to be used to read the Project key. When this option has been specified, it has precedence over the project_key parameter.

  • project_name: Project name (default value is read from sonar-project.properties)

  • project_description: Project description (default value is read from sonar-project.properties)

  • project_version: Project version (default value is read from sonar-project.properties)

  • project_version_file: File to be used to read the Project version. When this option has been specified, it has precedence over the project_version parameter.

  • autodetect_branch_name: Try to figure out the branch automatically. This works if the project_path contains recognized SCM metadata from a supported revision control system. (Currently: only Git is supported!)

  • branch_name: Name of the branch. Overrides autodetect_branch_name if it has been set.

  • branch_name_file: File to be used to read the branch name. When this option has been specified, it has precedence over the branch_name parameter.

  • branch_target: Name of the branch where you intend to merge your short-lived branch at the end of its life. If left blank, this defaults to the master branch. It can also be used while initializing a long-lived branch to sync the issues from a branch other than the Main Branch. (See Branch Plugin documentation for further details)

  • branch_target_file: File to be used to read the branch target. When this option has been specified, it has precedence over the branch_target parameter.

  • decorate_pr: If set to true it will try to fetch the pull request id, the head branch name and the base branch name from the pull request resource. It will enable sonar.pullrequest.key, sonar.pullrequest.branch and sonar.pullrequest.base flags when performing your analysis.

    It works for:

    • telia-oss/github-pr-resource

    • zarplata/concourse-git-bitbucket-pr-resource

    • jtarchie/github-pullrequest-resource

    In order to use this feature you must be using SonarCloud or SonarQube Developer edition.

  • sources: A list of paths to directories containing source files.

  • tests: A list of paths to directories containing source files.

  • additional_properties: Optional object/dictionary that may contain any additional properties that one might want to pass when running the sonar-scanner.

  • additional_properties_file: Optional path to a file containing properties that should be passed to the sonar-scanner.

  • maven_settings_file: Path to a Maven settings file that shall be used. Only used if the scanner_type during has been set to / determined to use Maven. If the resource itself has a maven_settings configuration, this key will override it's value.

  • sonar_maven_plugin_version: sonar-maven-plugin version (default is empty and using the latest version)

Wildcards Support

Support convert wildcards to comma-separated paths.

  • sources
  • tests
  • Any key with the suffix .reportPaths in additional_properties

in: Fetch result of SonarQube analysis

The action will place two JSON files into the resource's folder which are fetched from the SonarQube Web API:

Parameters

  • quality_gate: Optional JSON Enable quality_gate checker and control get step success/failure.
    • ignore_all_warn: bool Ignore all WARN metrics and let get step success
    • ignore_all_error: bool Ignore all ERROR metrics and let get step success
    • ignore_warns: array A list of metric keys for WARN metric to ignore while quality_gate checking.
    • ignore_errors: array A list of metric keys for ERROR metric to ignore while quality_gate checking.

Note: for ignore_warns/ignore_errors, possible value could be found through

  • https://<your-sonar_host>/quality_gates/show/<quality_gate_id>
  • https://<your-sonar_host>/api/qualitygates/show?id=<quality_gate_id>

Outputs

Full example

The following example pipeline shows how to use the resource to break the build if a project doesn't meet the requirements of the associated quality gate.

resource_types:

- name: sonar-runner
  type: docker-image
  source:
    repository: cathive/concourse-sonarqube-resource
    tag: latest # For reproducible builds use a specific tag and don't rely on "latest".

resources:

- name: sources
  type: git
  source:
    uri: https://github.com/example/example.git

- name: artifact
  type: s3
  # ... configuration omitted

- name: code-analysis
  type: sonar-runner
  source:
    host_url: https://sonarqube.example.com/
    login: ((sonarqube-auth-token))

jobs:

# The build job performs fetches stuff from the "sources" resource
# and executes a task that builds and tests everything. Once compilation,
# test execution and <whatever> has been performed, we copy the whole
# working directory into the output folder "sonarqube-analysis-input"
# and push the package that has been created by the "build" task to the
# artifact resource and utilize the sonarqube-resource to perform static
# code analysis.
- name: build-and-analyze
  plan:
  - get: sources
    trigger: true
  - task: build
    config:
      platform: linux
      image_resource:
        type: docker-image
        source:
          repository: debian
          tag: 'jessie'
      inputs:
      - name: sources
      outputs:
      # Hint: The sonar-runner needs more than just the
      # sources to perform a full analysis. Line coverage reports, unit test reports,
      # Java class files and mutation test results should also be present.
      # Therefore, you'll have to make sure that your build script provides the sources
      # and the compilation/test results in your Concourse CI build plan.
      # (And that is the reason, why we need the following output)
      - name: sonarqube-analysis-input
      run:
        path: build.sh
        dir: sources
  - in_parallel:
    - put: code-analysis
      params:
        project_path: sonarqube-analysis-input
        project_key: com.example.my_project
        sources: ["."]
        tests: ["."]
        additional_properties:
          # Will be passed as "-Dsonar.javascript.lcov.reportPaths="coverage/lcov.info" to the scanner.
          sonar.javascript.lcov.reportPaths: coverage/lcov.info
      get_params:
        quality_gate:
          ignore_errors: ['new_coverage', 'violations']
          ignore_warns: ['new_duplicated_lines_density', 'violations']
    - put: artifact

# The qualitygate task breaks the build if the analysis result from SonarQube
# indicates that any of our quality metrics have not been met.
- name: qualitygate
  plan:
  - in_parallel:
    - get: artifact
      passed:
      - build-and-analyze
    - get: code-analysis
      passed:
      - build-and-analyze
      trigger: true
  - task: check-sonarqube-quality-gate
    config:
      platform: linux
      image_resource:
        type: docker-image
        source:
          repository: cathive/concourse-sonarqube-qualitygate-task
          tag: latest # Use one of the versioned tags for reproducible builds!
      inputs:
      - name: code-analysis
      run:
        path: /sonarqube-qualitygate-check
        dir: code-analysis

# We deploy only artifacts that have made it through our quality gate!
- name: deploy
  plan:
  - get: artifact
    passed:
    - qualitygate